Electric cars are the future of motoring. Since 2008, an era of new automobile segment began. It occurred due to advances in batteries and concerns about increasing oil prices, but most importantly it was the desire to reduce greenhouse emissions and control automobile pollution. As of 2017, there are over 3 million electric and plug in hybrid cars in use around the world.
What is an electric car?
An electric car is a plug-in electric automobile that is propelled by one or more electric motors, using energy stored in batteries. These are cleaner than even the most efficient conventional vehicle in terms of greenhouse gas emissions and pollution. There are also plug-in hybrid vehicles available which are driven on a gasoline engine along with an electric powered engine. These vehicles can be charged at a variety of charging stations. These charging stations can be installed in both houses and public areas. The best selling electric vehicles around the world is the Nissan Leaf and the Tesla Model S. These vehicles operate on silent engines and can deliver high performance.
Why choose an electric car?
Reiterating its commitment to the Paris Agreement, the Government of India has plans to make a major shift to electric vehicles by 2030. E-commerce companies, Indian car manufacturers and Indian app based transportation network companies are working on making electric cars more common over the next two decades. India has already witnessed a popular mode of transport taking over the conventional automobiles, the e-rickshaw. Similarly the railway diesel locomotives have been replaced by the electric engines.
There are several electric vehicle manufacturers who have started exploring the hybrid and electric motor car segments owing to the potential demand shift in the Indian market. A few electric cars available in India are:
- Mahindra e-Kuv 100
- Mahindra e2oplus
- Tata Tigor Electric
While the available hybrid cars are:
- Toyota Prius
- Toyota Camry Hybrid
- BMW i8
- Honda Accord Hybrid
- Maruti Suzuki Ciaz
- Maruti Suzuki Ertiga
The shift has initiated already. Let us see what the future holds.