Highway Safety

Highway safety refers to the methods and measures used to prevent commuters from being killed or seriously injured. Typical highway users include cargo trucks, motorists, vehicle passengers etc.

The basic strategy of a Safe System approach is to ensure that in the event of a crash, the impact energies remain below the threshold likely to produce either death or serious injury. This threshold will vary from crash scenario to crash scenario, depending upon the level of protection offered to the road users involved. Hence it is necessary to adopt the required measure to ensure the safety of the commuters.

Highway Safety in India
Highway Safety in India

Safety features include:

  • Limited access from the properties and local roads.
  • Grade separated junctions.
  • Median dividers between opposite-direction traffic to reduce the likelihood of head-on collisions.
  • Removing roadside obstacles.
  • Prohibition of more vulnerable road users and slower vehicles.
  • Placements of energy attenuation devices (e.g. guardrails, wide grassy areas, sand barrels).
  • Eliminating road toll booths as much as possible.
  • Wear the seat belt at all times.
  • Do not stop the car on a highway under any circumstances unless it’s a breakdown.
  • Follow the speed limit at all times.
  • Highways and expressways experience a lot of traffic congestion on daily basis in India which automatically increases the probability of accidents that may even be fatal. It is therefore important to maintain a certain sense of discipline while using a highway or an expressway.

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